Mandated by Congress under the Clean Water Act and implemented in Virginia by the Department of Conservation and Recreation, the purpose of the VSMP permit regulation is to protect water quality from urban pollution carried by Stormwater into waters of the State. Stormwater runoff from urban areas may contain sediments, fertilizers, pesticides, bacteria, motor oil, and other pollutants generated by various land uses and human activities. When left uncontrolled, this pollution can result in the impairment or destruction of fish, wildlife, and aquatic life habitats; a loss in aesthetic value; and threats to public safety and health.
To achieve these water quality goals, the permit requires the Town to control the discharge of pollutants to the maximum extent practicable by addressing six Minimum Control Measures (MCM):
1. Public Education and Outreach on Stormwater Impacts
2. Public Involvement and Participation
3. Illegal Discharge Detection and Elimination
4. Construction Site Stormwater Runoff Control
5. Post Construction Stormwater Management
6. Pollution Prevention and Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations